Liver Cancer

Liver cancer, also known as hepatic cancer, is a malignant growth that originates in the liver, either on the surface or inside the organ itself. These are usually discovered after symptomatic presentation, or in medical imaging equipment.
Many forms of liver cancer exist, granting many of the cancers discovered in the liver are sometimes a result of metastases from other tumors found in other organs of the body that migrate to the liver, e.g., colon cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, etc
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma. Other common types of liver cancer include cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma.


Hepatocellular carcinoma jaundice, anemia, vomiting, fever, abdominal mass, abdominal pain, back pain, weight loss and itching
Clinical latency in this stage of chronic HIV, no symptoms are usually present, from about 3 years to above 20 years. Towards the end of this stage, symptoms such as fever, weight loss, gastrointestinal problems and muscle pains appear. Around half of HIV infected people may develop persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (painless enlargement of more than a group of lymph nodes)
Cholangiocarcinoma jaundice, hepatomegaly (enlargement of liver), abdominal pain, sweating and weight loss.


In some cases, liver cancers may not be curable. However, the current treatments available include surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy, radiation therapy and radiosurgery.
Treatment options for hepatocellular carcinoma include liver transplantation and partial hepatectomy (removal of part of the liver containing the tumor).


Liver cancer has become the third most common cancer mortality worldwide as of 2010, as it results in 754,000 deaths annually. Meanwhile, primary liver cancer, i.e. cancer not due to metastases or secondary to infection or disease, is the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths globally. More than half of liver cancer deaths are secondary cancers due to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and alcohol consumption.

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